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The app described in this white paper will perform scheduling that "satisf[ies] all the hard constraints and minimize[es] the medium and soft constraints." It matches worker priorities with organizational needs, taking into account both the requirements of the position and the different skills and preferences of the workers, which may change over time for an individual. In addition, training and development opportunities are built into the solution; a worker's willingness to take advantage of these opportunities will expand that individual's options. The proposed system is a "timetabling" app, akin to one used for course scheduling, and has two major components:
• The system embraces the reality of continually evolving workforce needs and has at its core the flexibility to adapt to different worker skills, preferences, and priorities throughout the stages of the worker's career while providing training and development opportunities as needed.
• The system application will implement an innovative and individualized skills and needs matching algorithm that is far superior to current relatively simplistic filtering schemes.
Congress established the National Science Foundation (NSF) with the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 “to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes.” With an annual budget of $7.5 billion (fiscal year 2016), NSF funds discovery, learning, innovation and research infrastructure to boost U.S. leadership in all aspects of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) research and education.